# Latex Line and Page Breaks

#### Summary of Commands

A compiler processes ordinary text from an input file into one long string of glyphs and spaces. To produce a printed document, this string must be broken into lines, and these lines must be broken into pages. The available commands are:

• \\ start a new paragraph.
• \\* start a new line but not a new paragraph.
• \cleardoublepage flush all material and start a new page.
• \clearpage plush all material and start a new page.
• \linebreak allow to break the line here.
• \newline request a new line.
• \newpage request a new page.
• \nolinebreak no line break should happen here.
• \nopagebreak no page break should happen here.
• \pagebreak encourage page break.

#### \\ LaTeX New Line

The \\ command tells  to start a new line. It has an optional argument, extra-space, that specifies how much extra vertical space is to be inserted before the next line. This can be a negative amount.

The \\* command is the same as the ordinary \\ command except that it tells  not to start a new page after the line.

#### LaTeX \newline

The \newline command breaks the line right where it is. The \newline command can be used only in paragraph mode.

#### LaTeX \cleardoublepage

The \cleardoublepage command ends the current page and causes all figures and tables that have so far appeared in the input to be printed. In a two-sided printing style, it also makes the next page a right-hand (odd-numbered) page, producing a blank page if necessary.

#### LaTeX \clearpage

The \clearpage command ends the current page and causes all figures and tables that have so far appeared in the input to be printed.

#### LaTeX \linebreak

The \linebreak command tells  to break the current line at the point of the command. The optional argument, a number, converts the  \linebreak command from a demand to a request. The number must range from 0 to 4. The higher the number, the stronger the request.

The \linebreak command causes  to stretch the line so it extends to the right margin.

#### LaTeX \newpage

The \newpage command ends the current page.

#### LaTeX \nolinebreak

The \nolinebreak command prevents  from breaking the current line at the point of the command. The optional argument, a number, converts the \nolinebreak command from a demand to a request. The number must range from 0 to 4. The higher the number, the stronger the request.

#### LaTeX \nopagebreak

The \nopagebreak command instructs  not to form a break on the current page at the point of the command. The optional argument, a number, converts the \nopagebreak command from a demand to a request. The number must range from 0 to 4. The higher the number, the stronger the request.

#### LaTeX \pagebreak

The \pagebreak command tells  to break the current page at the point of the command. The optional argument, a number, converts the \pagebreak command from a demand to a request. The number must be a number from 0 to 4. The number must range from 0 to 4. The higher the number, the stronger the request.